Regional Freight Profile

Commodities

Construction materials represent nearly 45% of truck flows and 40% of all flows from a tonnage perspective. This includes sand and stone along with nonmetallic minerals; both of which are used for construction of roads and buildings along with road maintenance, and occasionally to support manufacturing activities. While construction materials represent the highest commodity group by tonnage, this is in fact the lowest group by both value and value per tonnage. The region’s high value commodities are forecast to be some of the fastest growing of all of the commodities. Electronics, precision instruments, pharmaceutical products, machinery and motor vehicles and parts are all forecast to grow over 4 percent per year between 2012 and 2040.

Tons, 2012

Commodity Name Truck Air Water Rail Total
Construction Materials 29,303,527 566 1,666,462 140,480 31,111,037
Gravel and Crushed Stone 18,256,922 104 740,331 29,160 19,026,517
Nonmetallic Mineral Prods. 7,034,945 16 430,050 32,120 7,497,131
Natural Sands 1,788,018 20 372,944 20,000 2,180,983
Articles of Base Metal 1,240,917 425 121,087 9,200 1,371,630
Wood Products 848,386 1 282 49,240 897,908
Logs, Other Rough Wood 112,422   1,553 760 114,736
Monumental or Building Stone 21,917 < 1 215   22,132
Energy 8,733,594 8 5,827,195 6,520 14,567,318
Coal 43,567   5,680,763   5,724,330
Gasoline and Aviation Turbine Fuel 3,787,432   13,858   3,801,290
Coal and Petroleum Prod. 3,256,930 8 126,553 6,520 3,390,012
Fuel Oils 1,645,655   6,021   1,651,676
Crude Petroleum Oil 10       10
Agriculture/Food 9,405,417 33 107,447 413,160 9,926,058
Other Prepared Foodstuffs, Fats and Oils 3,266,136 1   72,600 3,338,737
Other Agricultural Prod. 3,094,613     29,920 3,124,533
Milled Grain Prod. and Bakery Prod. 955,863     102,788 1,058,651
Animal Feed and Products of Animal Origin 755,212     47,816 803,028
Cereal Grains 487,505     7,800 495,305
Meat, Fish, and Seafood 352,438       352,438
Fertilizers 6,408 32 107,447 139,636 253,523
Animals and Fish 211,610       211,610
Tobacco Prod. 149,644       149,644
Alcohol 125,988 < 1   12,600 138,589
Truck Drays to/from DCs, Rail yards and Airports 9,096,890 0 0 0 9,096,890
Other Manufacturing 4,256,615 8,229 14,078 428,605 4,707,527
Plastics and Rubber 771,832 632 160 161,760 934,384
Chemical Prod. and Preparations 615,366 355 5,970 31,932 653,624
Machinery 611,834 1,856 657 2,920 617,267
Electronics and Electrical Equipment 474,773 2,942 76   477,791
Paper or Paperboard Articles 434,723 60   2,360 437,142
Furniture and Lighting 359,910 133 28 200 360,271
Printed Products 284,101 506     284,607
Misc. Manufactured Prods. 273,171 720 1,119 1,200 276,210
Pulp and Paper Prods. 56,606     206,720 263,326
Textiles, Leather and Associated Articles 233,241 378     233,619
Transportation Equipment 68,619 243 6,068 21,513 96,443
Precision Instruments and Apparatus 72,439 404     72,843
Motor Vehicles and Parts 846,667 1,561   793,080 1,641,308
Other 4,511,205 29,317 467,996 1,366,264 6,374,779
Waste and Scrap 2,981,062 1 215,357 161,264 3,357,683
Non-Metallic Minerals 1,028,395 17 129,760 12,480 1,170,651
Mail, Shipping Containers, or Unidentified       780,800 780,800
Base Metal 396,145 55 118,083 258,600 772,884
Basic Chemicals 52,232 358 4,796 153,080 210,465
Pharmaceutical Prod. 38,194 661   40 38,895
Mixed Freight 5,915 28,225     34,139
Metallic Ores and Concentrates 9,262       9,262
Total 66,153,915 39,715 8,083,178 3,148,109 77,424,917
Percent of Total 85% 0% 10% 4% 100%

Tons, 2040

Commodity Name Truck Air Water Rail Total
Construction Materials 62,420,743 1,633 2,277,523 254,074 64,953,973
Gravel and Crushed Stone 35,482,276 239 819,399 58,143 36,360,057
Nonmetallic Mineral Prods. 15,381,919 24 762,596 67,863 16,212,402
Natural Sands 4,874,721 47 517,459 33,144 5,425,371
Articles of Base Metal 3,845,296 1,321 161,217 16,857 4,024,692
Wood Products 2,367,792 2 2,436 77,032 2,447,261
Logs, Other Rough Wood 420,887   13,429 1,035 435,351
Monumental or Building Stone 47,852   987   48,839
Energy 9,312,435 14 10,010,755 5,961 19,329,165
Coal 43,384   9,869,901   9,913,285
Gasoline and Aviation Turbine Fuel 4,050,885   6,017   4,056,902
Coal and Petroleum Prod. 3,458,028 14 132,223 5,961 3,596,226
Fuel Oils 1,760,126   2,614   1,762,740
Crude Petroleum Oil 12       12
Agriculture/Food 12,645,579 56 191,342 627,607 13,464,585
Other Prepared Foodstuffs, Fats and Oils 4,513,173 1   127,225 4,640,400
Other Agricultural Prod. 3,610,601     25,733 3,636,334
Milled Grain Prod. and Bakery Prod. 1,418,485     165,805 1,584,290
Animal Feed and Products of Animal Origin 1,249,324     75,087 1,324,411
Cereal Grains 744,754     12,175 756,929
Meat, Fish, and Seafood 558,471       558,471
Fertilizers 12,315 54 191,342 193,267 396,978
Animals and Fish 282,810       282,810
Tobacco Prod. 50,388       50,388
Alcohol 205,258 1   28,315 233,574
Truck Drays to/from DCs, Rail yards and Airports 21,716,436       21,716,436
Other Manufacturing 10,738,876 24,275 14,914 793,581 11,571,646
Plastics and Rubber 2,064,875 1,597 392 319,679 2,386,542
Chemical Prod. and Preparations 1,079,762 1,250 3,587 55,571 1,140,170
Machinery 2,063,861 5,436 1,540 8,327 2,079,164
Electronics and Electrical Equipment 2,149,763 9,116 99   2,158,979
Paper or Paperboard Articles 696,524 95   3,348 699,968
Furniture and Lighting 774,235 618 7 320 775,180
Printed Products 332,661 746     333,407
Misc. Manufactured Prods. 746,346 2,446 1,213 3,106 753,111
Pulp and Paper Prods. 100,742     357,226 457,968
Textiles, Leather and Associated Articles 288,631 443     289,073
Transportation Equipment 172,382 555 8,076 46,004 227,017
Precision Instruments and Apparatus 269,094 1,973     271,067
Motor Vehicles and Parts 2,901,349 3,735   2,443,729 5,348,3
Other 9,818,835 48,610 466,740 2,198,016 12,532,200
Waste and Scrap 6,255,577 1 131,012 275,784 6,662,374
Non-Metallic Minerals 1,984,062 39 175,664 22,764 2,182,528
Mail, Shipping Containers, or Unidentified       1,185,253 1,185,253
Base Metal 1,257,988 127 157,182 359,046 1,774,343
Basic Chemicals 139,659 1,202 2,882 355,050 498,792
Pharmaceutical Prod. 138,309 2,761   119 141,189
Mixed Freight 29,578 44,480     74,059
Metallic Ores and Concentrates 13,662       13,662
Total 129,554,253 78,323 12,961,274 6,322,968 148,916,820
Percent of Total 87% 0% 9% 4% 100%

Value, 2012

Commodity Name Truck Air Water Rail Total
Construction Materials 6,053 63 252 48 6,417
Gravel and Crushed Stone 148 0 6 3 157
Nonmetallic Mineral Prods. 1,191 1 53 6 1,251
Natural Sands 14 0 3 0 17
Articles of Base Metal 4,121 62 190 29 4,402
Wood Products 560 0 0 11 571
Logs, Other Rough Wood 15   0 0 15
Monumental or Building Stone 4 0 0   4
Energy 7,168 1 308 7 7,484
Coal 2   222   224
Gasoline and Aviation Turbine Fuel 4,087   17   4,105
Coal and Petroleum Prod. 1,302 1 61 7 1,371
Fuel Oils 1,776   7   1,784
Crude Petroleum Oil 0       0
Agriculture/Food 11,998 3 39 291 12,331
Other Prepared Foodstuffs, Fats and Oils 3,062 0   38 3,101
Other Agricultural Prod. 2,309     67 2,376
Milled Grain Prod. and Bakery Prod. 1,589     50 1,639
Animal Feed and Products of Animal Origin 488     25 513
Cereal Grains 159     1 160
Meat, Fish, and Seafood 1,349       1,349
Fertilizers 4 3 39 95 140
Animals and Fish 471       471
Tobacco Prod. 2,402       2,402
Alcohol 166 0   15 181
Truck Drays to/from DCs, Rail yards and Airports 15,443       15,443
Other Manufacturing 23,404 1,602 29 917 25,952
Plastics and Rubber 2,812 22 1 540 3,375
Chemical Prod. and Preparations 2,128 86 12 69 2,295
Machinery 5,650 290 3 29 5,972
Electronics and Electrical Equipment 4,889 628 0   5,517
Paper or Paperboard Articles 878 8   5 891
Furniture and Lighting 1,121 34 0 1 1,155
Printed Products 990 56     1,046
Misc. Manufactured Prods. 1,353 289 3 7 1,652
Pulp and Paper Prods. 41     247 288
Textiles, Leather and Associated Articles 1,518 44     1,562
Transportation Equipment 1,000 57 9 20 1,086
Precision Instruments and Apparatus 1,025 88     1,113
Motor Vehicles and Parts 6,973 374   7,196 14,543
Other 2,918 2,269 253 4,690 10,130
Waste and Scrap 899 0 60 70 1,028
Non-Metallic Minerals 18 0 10 1 29
Mail, Shipping Containers, or Unidentified       3,950 3,950
Base Metal 839 4 173 399 1,415
Basic Chemicals 316 94 10 269 689
Pharmaceutical Prod. 770 206   1 977
Mixed Freight 52 1,965     2,017
Metallic Ores and Concentrates 24       24
Total 73,957 4,312 881 13,150 92,300
Percent of Total 80% 5% 1% 14% 100%

Value, 2040

Commodity Name Truck Air Water Rail Total
Construction Materials 17,661 195 363 105 18,324
Gravel and Crushed Stone 285 0 6 5 296
Nonmetallic Mineral Prods. 2,472 3 94 12 2,583
Natural Sands 36 0 4 0 40
Articles of Base Metal 13,185 190 256 71 13,703
Wood Products 1,619 1 0 16 1,636
Logs, Other Rough Wood 55   2 0 56
Monumental or Building Stone 9 0 0   9
Energy 7,737 1 483 7 8,228
Coal 2   386   388
Gasoline and Aviation Turbine Fuel 4,395   7   4,402
Coal and Petroleum Prod. 1,431 1 87 7 1,525
Fuel Oils 1,909   3   1,913
Crude Petroleum Oil 0       0
Agriculture/Food 14,527 5 67 417 15,016
Other Prepared Foodstuffs, Fats and Oils 4,569 0   66 4,635
Other Agricultural Prod. 2,664     59 2,723
Milled Grain Prod. and Bakery Prod. 2,375     81 2,456
Animal Feed and Products of Animal Origin 800     39 839
Cereal Grains 250     2 252
Meat, Fish, and Seafood 2,126       2,126
Fertilizers 7 4 67 136 214
Animals and Fish 625       625
Tobacco Prod. 847       847
Alcohol 264 0   34 298
Truck Drays to/from DCs, Rail yards and Airports 34,097       34,097
Other Manufacturing 77,129 5,148 33 1,841 84,150
Plastics and Rubber 7,598 56 2 1,139 8,794
Chemical Prod. and Preparations 3,899 341 7 120 4,367
Machinery 19,084 833 8 82 20,007
Electronics and Electrical Equipment 27,142 1,955 0   29,097
Paper or Paperboard Articles 1,421 24   7 1,452
Furniture and Lighting 2,837 155 0 1 2,993
Printed Products 1,377 158     1,535
Misc. Manufactured Prods. 3,961 949 3 19 4,933
Pulp and Paper Prods. 73     429 502
Textiles, Leather and Associated Articles 1,957 125     2,082
Transportation Equipment 3,484 129 12 43 3,668
Precision Instruments and Apparatus 4,296 424     4,720
Motor Vehicles and Parts 23,737 892   22,304 46,932
Other 8,728 4,473 288 7,367 20,855
Waste and Scrap 1,722 0 36 120 1,878
Non-Metallic Minerals 44 0 15 2 60
Mail, Shipping Containers, or Unidentified       5,998 5,998
Base Metal 2,829 8 231 554 3,622
Basic Chemicals 1,065 360 6 691 2,122
Pharmaceutical Prod. 2,770 854   2 3,626
Mixed Freight 269 3,251     3,521
Metallic Ores and Concentrates 28       28
Total 183,616 10,712 1,234 32,040 227,602
Percent of Total 81% 5% 1% 14% 100%

Value per Ton, 2012

Commodity Name Truck Air Water Rail Total
Construction Materials 207 111,899 151 341 206
Gravel and Crushed Stone 8 1,427 8 87 8
Nonmetallic Mineral Prods. 169 59,270 123 175 167
Natural Sands 8 1,459 8 8 8
Articles of Base Metal 3,321 145,749 1,573 3,144 3,209
Wood Products 661 265,438 128 214 636
Logs, Other Rough Wood 130   128 124 130
Monumental or Building Stone 190   190   190
Energy 821 75,273 53 1,123 514
Coal 48 39 39
Gasoline and Aviation Turbine Fuel 1,079   1,243   1,080
Coal and Petroleum Prod. 400 75,273 483 1,123 405
Fuel Oils 1,079   1,243   1,080
Crude Petroleum Oil 364       364
Agriculture/Food 1,276 84,165 360 705 1,242
Other Prepared Foodstuffs, Fats and Oils 938 69,976 525 929
Other Agricultural Prod. 746     2,240 760
Milled Grain Prod. and Bakery Prod. 1,662     488 1,548
Animal Feed and Products of Animal Origin 646     516 639
Cereal Grains 326     142 323
Meat, Fish, and Seafood 3,828       3,828
Fertilizers 604 83,378 360 680 553
Animals and Fish 2,225       2,225
Tobacco Prod. 16,050       16,050
Alcohol 1,314     1,230 1,307
Truck Drays to/from DCs, Rail yards and Airports 1,698       1,698
Other Manufacturing 5,498 194,698 2,040 2,140 5,513
Plastics and Rubber 3,643 34,953 5,164 3,339 3,612
Chemical Prod. and Preparations 3,458 241,930 2,019 2,165 3,511
Machinery 9,234 156,386 5,110 9,821 9,675
Electronics and Electrical Equipment 10,298 213,390 3,960   11,548
Paper or Paperboard Articles 2,019 135,093   2,137 2,037
Furniture and Lighting 3,113 252,881 3,814 3,782 3,206
Printed Products 3,485 110,945     3,676
Misc. Manufactured Prods. 4,953 401,883 2,829 5,625 5,982
Pulp and Paper Prods. 721     1,194 1,093
Textiles, Leather and Associated Articles 6,508 116,121     6,686
Transportation Equipment 14,579 235,435 1,467 927 11,266
Precision Instruments and Apparatus 14,150 217,362     15,277
Motor Vehicles and Parts 8,235 239,281   9,074 8,860
Other 647 77,411 541 3,433 1,589
Waste and Scrap 302 58,944 277 432 306
Non-Metallic Minerals 17 3,418 79 69 25
Mail, Shipping Containers, or Unidentified       5,059 5,059
Base Metal 2,118 72,415 1,469 1,543 1,831
Basic Chemicals 6,054 262,787 2,019 1,759 3,275
Pharmaceutical Prod. 20,155 312,382   18,949 25,120
Mixed Freight 8,752 69,612     59,069
Metallic Ores and Concentrates 2,637       2,637
Total 1,118 108,570 109 4,177 1,192

Value per Ton, 2040

Commodity Name Truck Air Water Rail Total
Construction Materials 283 119,434 159 414 282
Gravel and Crushed Stone 8 1,430 8 87 8
Nonmetallic Mineral Prods. 161 142,430 124 184 159
Natural Sands 7 1,430 8 7 7
Articles of Base Metal 3,429 144,119 1,589 4,226 3,405
Wood Products 684 413,758 128 208 669
Logs, Other Rough Wood 130   128 124 130
Monumental or Building Stone 190   190   190
Energy 831 70,726 48 1,098 426
Coal 52 39 39
Gasoline and Aviation Turbine Fuel 1,085   1,243   1,085
Coal and Petroleum Prod. 414 70,726 655 1,098 424
Fuel Oils 1,085   1,243   1,085
Crude Petroleum Oil 359       359
Agriculture/Food 1,149 80,613 349 664 1,115
Other Prepared Foodstuffs, Fats and Oils 1,012 112,227 521 999
Other Agricultural Prod. 738     2,292 749
Milled Grain Prod. and Bakery Prod. 1,675     488 1,550
Animal Feed and Products of Animal Origin 640     513 633
Cereal Grains 336     142 333
Meat, Fish, and Seafood 3,808       3,808
Fertilizers 540 80,338 349 704 539
Animals and Fish 2,209       2,209
Tobacco Prod. 16,809       16,809
Alcohol 1,287 63,870   1,211 1,278
Truck Drays to/from DCs, Rail yards and Airports 1,570       1,570
Other Manufacturing 7,182 212,059 2,207 2,320 7,272
Plastics and Rubber 3,680 34,823 5,169 3,563 3,685
Chemical Prod. and Preparations 3,611 272,513 2,019 2,165 3,830
Machinery 9,247 153,277 5,169 9,833 9,623
Electronics and Electrical Equipment 12,626 214,408 3,966   13,477
Paper or Paperboard Articles 2,041 247,500   2,137 2,075
Furniture and Lighting 3,664 251,120 3,622 3,784 3,861
Printed Products 4,140 211,719     4,604
Misc. Manufactured Prods. 5,308 388,045 2,822 6,207 6,550
Pulp and Paper Prods. 720     1,202 1,096
Textiles, Leather and Associated Articles 6,781 281,664     7,202
Transportation Equipment 20,210 233,224 1,466 928 16,157
Precision Instruments and Apparatus 15,964 214,754     17,411
Motor Vehicles and Parts 8,181 238,701   9,127 8,774
Other 889 92,008 616 3,352 1,664
Waste and Scrap 275 91,836 277 436 282
Non-Metallic Minerals 22 2,828 84 71 28
Mail, Shipping Containers, or Unidentified       5,060 5,060
Base Metal 2,249 61,595 1,468 1,543 2,041
Basic Chemicals 7,629 299,093 2,019 1,946 4,254
Pharmaceutical Prod. 20,029 309,243   19,004 25,684
Mixed Freight 9,110 73,092     47,538
Metallic Ores and Concentrates 2,077       2,077
Total 1,417 136,771 95 5,067 1,528

Growth in Commodity Flows

Commodity Name 2012 2040 CAGR Total Growth
Construction Materials 31,111,037 64,953,973 3% 109%
Gravel and Crushed Stone 19,026,517 36,360,057 2% 91%
Nonmetallic Mineral Prods. 7,497,131 16,212,402 3% 116%
Natural Sands 2,180,983 5,425,371 3% 149%
Articles of Base Metal 1,371,630 4,024,692 4% 193%
Wood Products 897,908 2,447,261 4% 173%
Logs, Other Rough Wood 114,736 435,351 5% 279%
Monumental or Building Stone 22,132 48,839 3% 121%
Energy 14,567,318 19,329,165 1% 33%
Coal 5,724,330 9,913,285 2% 73%
Gasoline and Aviation Turbine Fuel 3,801,290 4,056,902 0% 7%
Coal and Petroleum Prod. 3,390,012 3,596,226 0% 6%
Fuel Oils 1,651,676 1,762,740 0% 7%
Crude Petroleum Oil 10 12 1% 20%
Agriculture/Food 9,926,058 13,464,585 1% 36%
Other Prepared Foodstuffs, Fats and Oils 3,338,737 4,640,400 1% 39%
Other Agricultural Prod. 3,124,533 3,636,334 1% 16%
Milled Grain Prod. and Bakery Prod. 1,058,651 1,584,290 1% 50%
Animal Feed and Products of Animal Origin 803,028 1,324,411 2% 65%
Cereal Grains 495,305 756,929 2% 53%
Meat, Fish, and Seafood 352,438 558,471 2% 58%
Fertilizers 253,523 396,978 2% 57%
Animals and Fish 211,610 282,810 1% 34%
Tobacco Prod. 149,644 50,388 -4% -66%
Alcohol 138,589 233,574 2% 69%
Truck Drays to/from DCs, Rail yards and Airports 9,096,890 21,716,436 3% 139%
Other Manufacturing 4,707,527 11,571,646 3% 146%
Plastics and Rubber 934,384 2,386,542 3% 155%
Chemical Prod. and Preparations 653,624 1,140,170 2% 74%
Machinery 617,267 2,079,164 4% 237%
Electronics and Electrical Equipment 477,791 2,158,979 6% 352%
Paper or Paperboard Articles 437,142 699,968 2% 60%
Furniture and Lighting 360,271 775,180 3% 115%
Printed Products 284,607 333,407 1% 17%
Misc. Manufactured Prods. 276,210 753,111 4% 173%
Pulp and Paper Prods. 263,326 457,968 2% 74%
Textiles, Leather and Associated Articles 233,619 289,073 1% 24%
Transportation Equipment 96,443 227,017 3% 135%
Precision Instruments and Apparatus 72,843 271,067 5% 272%
Motor Vehicles and Parts 1,641,308 5,348,813 4% 226%
Other 6,374,779 12,532,200 2% 97%
Waste and Scrap 3,357,683 6,662,374 2% 98%
Non-Metallic Minerals 1,170,651 2,182,528 2% 86%
Mail, Shipping Containers, or Unidentified 780,800 1,185,253 2% 52%
Base Metal 772,884 1,774,343 3% 130%
Basic Chemicals 210,465 498,792 3% 137%
Pharmaceutical Prod. 38,895 141,189 5% 263%
Mixed Freight 34,139 74,059 3% 117%
Metallic Ores and Concentrates 9,262 13,662 1% 48%
Total 77,424,917 148,916,820 2% 92%
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